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Keep Yourself Safe with a State Driving Curfew

Keep Yourself Safe with a State Driving Curfew


Curfew laws will prevent people from going out into public and into specific kinds of public spaces at certain points in the day, most commonly at certain points in the evening considered to be particularly late, and applicable to people under a certain age considered to consign greater experience and self-control. 


As such, curfew Laws in the U.S. can vary from state to state, and indeed from one municipality to another. 


Curfew laws may thus be regarded as one of the basic functions which state and otherwise local governments are generally tasked with, as opposed to that of the federal government. 


Curfew laws accordingly may vary in terms of the category of people on whom they are imposed, the particular hour of the day which curfew Laws require, and the enforcement measures which are put into place to enable curfew laws. As such, curfew Laws may involve different fines or penalties.

Does a Marriage Follow State Laws?

Does a Marriage Follow State Laws?

In the United States, each individual state will have its own state laws which are intended to promote the overall welfare of the state. However, even though state law is often times different from federal law, the United States as a country is ruled under federal law. 
State laws were created as a result of the reasons behind the American Revolution. Because it was a concern to implement a government that had all the central powers which could lead to a tyrannical rule, states were allowed to devise state laws to provide for the governing of the people within such states.
However, even though state law applies to each different state, It is the United States Federal Laws which rule the country as a whole. Furthermore, state laws and federal laws differ in the sense of the certain areas in which they apply. For example federal income tax concerns are governed by the federal laws, though matters such as marriage and divorce are overseen in state law. 

Is There a Difference Between Federal and State Law?

Is There a Difference Between Federal and State Law?

In the United States, there are laws that apply at the federal, state, and local levels. State laws in the countries are codes of legislation and statutes that are considered separate from those in kept in federal legislation, which apply to the nation as a whole. State laws are meant to not only establish certain legal applications, but essentially exist as the internal structure for the state’s government. 
Therefore, all state laws are created and implemented by the states unto themselves. Laws that are created by the state will often times be based on federal laws as well, though certain changes may be applied to make a particular statute more strict. 
An example can be in terms of the DUI laws that exist at the federal level. The federal laws regarding DUI BAC levels impose a national 0.08% limit. However, there are certain states that impose a lower limit and also a “zero tolerance” provision, further applying federal laws but making them more severe at the state level. 

Gay Marriage Laws in Kentucky

Gay Marriage Laws in KentuckyIn Kentucky, gay marriage
is not currently legal. In fact, the state currently has the Defense of Marriage
Act written into their Constitution and the state’s law.  The state’s
Constitution defines marriage as a union between a man and a woman in Section
233A. In fact, the language was approved by the voters with nearly 75 percent
of the votes.The language also stated that no union , other than marriage,
would be recognized by the state. Effectively, there was to be no legal
recognition of any same sex relationships. In Kentucky, marriage consists of a
union of an opposite sex couple.



In Kentucky, marriage has apparently always been defined as a union between a
man and a woman. In fact, case law goes back to 1970 at which time a lesbian
couple attempted to get married. The state claimed that even though they did
not currently define marriage in their constitution, it was always known to be
a union between two opposite sex individuals. 


The state claimed that refusal of
a marriage license was based on recorded history which only referenced marriage
as a union between a man and a woman. In essence, Kentucky marriage was defined
in manner to exclude same sex marriage. In addition, Kentucky revised statutes
to prohibit marriage between same sex couples. Section 402.005 defined Kentucky
marriage as legal only if it conformed to their constitutional definition. In
Kentucky, gay couples are explicitly forbidden from legally recognizing their
relationship.

In Kentucky, gay marriage is banned in the state’s Constitution and in
Statutes. In fact, the laws banning same sex marriage are very clear and
explicit in Kentucky. Gay marriage, and other same sex relationships, receive
no legal recognition whatsoever in Kentucky. Marriage is clearly defined in
law, several times, to avoid any allowance for same sex couples. 


In fact, the
law clearly states that it will no recognize any same sex relationship, even
couples that were legally married in another state.  In Kentucky, gay
couples are not entitled to any rights and responsibilities that are usually
afforded to marriage. This includes issues pertaining to health care decisions,
health insurance, the right to own joint property and even the right to
divorce. In fact, no individuals can be ordered to pay alimony or to divide
property.

In Kentucky, gay rights are treated differently then the rights of the rest of
the citizens of the state. In fact, Kentucky laws relating to same sex
relationships, are quite obviously discriminatory.

Gay Marriage Laws in Indiana

Gay Marriage Laws in IndianaCurrently,
Indiana prohibits legal recognition for same sex marriage or for any
relationship between same sex couples. In fact, Indiana passed the Defense of
Marriage Act, which bans same sex unions through the use of language, without
explicitly forbidding it. While the state does have a statute that bans Indiana
gay marriages, they do not yet have an amendment in place that bans same sex
marriage. In fact, those supporting gay marriage rights argue that the
amendment will violate their constitutional rights. By attempting to pass the
amendment, the state opens itself to lawsuits that challenge equal rights for the
state’s citizens.

There are many citizens that are supporting gay marriage rights and the
benefits and responsibilities associated with the union. However, there are
also many that still hold onto the definition of marriage that includes
language describing a marriage as a union between a man and a woman. In fact,
the state has tried to put an additional legal ban for gay marriage into place
through a constitutional amendment. 



However, the measure failed to pass and it
cannot be voted on again until 2012. The state does have a statute that forbids
same sex marriage but many argue that it is much easier to overturn a statue
than it is to remove an amendment from the state’s Constitution. Many that are supporting
gay marriage, have fought hard to prevent the passage of the amendment. In
fact, those supporting gay marriage believe that they can have the statute
overturned before the new amendment is in place.

In Indiana, gay rights ideals are involved in a conflict between supporters and
those that oppose equal rights for all. Many citizens are supporting gay
marriage rights and do not want an amendment in place that would forbid same
sex marriage. In Indiana, gay marriage rights are really undecided by the
state. 


If the constitutional amendment passes, it will be much more difficult
for the LGBT community to obtain equal rights up to, and including marriage.
However, if the amendment fails to pass, the state may overturn the statute and
open the legal possibility of gay marriage in Indiana. Gay rights may be moving
in the right direct, aiming for equality for all citizens, regardless of sexual
orientation of gender identity. In Indiana, gay marriage is one right that will
move equal rights in the right direction.

Gay Marriage Laws in Iowa

Gay Marriage Laws in IowaIn Iowa,
gay marriage is legally recognized as of April, 2009. While there are many that
favor the gay marriage pros rather than focusing on the cons, many other states
still fail to legally recognize gay marriage. Iowa is similar to other states
because it had originally adopted DOMA. The Defense of Marriage Act was enacted
to protect the sanctity of marriage as a union between a man and a woman. 


However, the state did vote down a constitutional amendment that would have
banned same sex marriages in the state. In fact, the constitutional Amendment
would have disallowed any legal recognition of same sex relationships. Gay marriage
pros include the legal recognition of relationships and the benefits associated
with marriage.

In Iowa, gay marriage was forbidden from being recognized due to the language
in the Defense of Marriage Act. In fact, many states choose this route because
they only legally recognize marriages between opposite sex couples due to the
nature of the language in DOMA. However, the constitutional amendment that
sought to ban gay marriage was struck down because it violated the
constitutional rights of members of the LGBT community. 


Once marriage was
decided to be a constitutional right, Iowa had to begin to legally recognize
same sex marriage. One gay marriage pro is that it offers an equal opportunity
for all citizens to marry and enjoy the benefits of a legally recognized
marriage. In Iowa, gay marriages allow every individual the right to benefits
that one can only acquire through marriage.

In Iowa, gay marriage was legally recognized for a brief period in 2007.In
fact, several marriage licenses were issued and two same sex weddings took
place. However, a stay was issued and a hold was put on the legal recognition
of same sex marriages. Many individuals were outraged and the event sparked a
debate about gay marriage pros. 


Later, there was a lawsuit that argued that the
ruling violated constitutional rights and the state legally recognized same sex
marriages. In fact, Iowa currently recognizes same sex marriages that were
performed in another state.

In Iowa, it is understood that the state saves millions by allowing gay
marriages. Pro gay marriage advocates believe that the revenue form same sex
marriages will help to balance the states budget. In Iowa, gay marriages are
currently recognized and citizens can enjoy all the rights and responsibilities
associated with marriage.

Gay Marriage Laws in Hawaii

Gay Marriage Laws in Hawaii

In 1993, the State Supreme Court ruled in favor of gay
marriage in Hawaii. However, the Supreme court was overruled by an amendment
that stated the Supreme court did not have that decision making authority. Gay
marriage in Hawaii was quickly made illegal by the legislature. However, Hawaii
does allow for some rights as they relate to domestic partnership. In 1997,
Hawaii began to offer reciprocal beneficiary registration. Gay marriage in
Hawaii is not legal, but same sex couples can be afforded the same rights as
married couples. In Hawaii, gay marriage is only illegal by definition. In
fact, same sex couples in Hawaii are afforded more rights that in most states.

In Hawaii, gay marriage is not legally recognized. However, couples can enter
into an agreement that affords them many rights in regards to their
relationship. Reciprocal beneficiary registration allows couples to be entitled
to some rights that are usually obtained through a legal marriage. For
instance, couples acquire inheritance rights and the right to acquire health
insurance through their partner. 

One benefit that many individuals feel is vital,
is the right to make decisions regarding health care. In fact, many LGBT
couples in the United States, are unable to make those decisions as they relate
to their partner. In fact, when a partner in hospitalized, the other partner is
often unable to get information regarding their partners condition because they
are not considered family.  

In addition to these rights, couples are
entitled to pensions and the right to own property jointly. Like marriage,
individuals can not enter into more than one reciprocal beneficiary
registration. While gay marriage in Hawaii is still illegal, couples can
benefit from the rights that the state affords individuals in a reciprocal
beneficiary registration.

In Hawaii, gay marriage is not technically legal. However, Hawaii affords
couples the opportunity to enter into a written agreement that will offer them
the opportunity to enjoy rights that are only usually afforded to married
couples. Gay marriage in Hawaii is simply not legally recognized because of the
definition of marriage. 

However, same sex couples are free to enjoy the many
benefits and responsibilities of marriage without having the designation of
marriage. There are few states that offer same sex couples the opportunity to
enjoy those rights. In Hawaii, gay marriage is likely to be legally recognized
sooner than in many other states. In fact, in Hawaii, gay marriage is allowed
contractually through reciprocal beneficiary registration.

Gay Marriage Laws in Idaho

Gay Marriage Laws in Idaho

In Idaho,
gay rights are severely lacking. In fact, those for gay marriage have encounter
a large opposition form the population. Like many states, Idaho has a Defense
of Marriage Act. The Act defines marriage as a union between opposite sex
partners. In addition, the state banned same sex marriage in 2006. In fact, the
Amendment passed with over 70 percent of votes. In Idaho, gay marriage was
banned, thereby forbidding many rights for same sex couples.  The
Amendment banned same sex marriage as well as any legal recognition for any
types of relationships between same sex individuals.

The Defense of marriage Act has been approved by many states. By defining
marriage as a union between a man and a woman, states effectively forbid gay
marriage. However, many states have also begun to pass laws that strictly
forbid gay marriage in addition to the Defense of Marriage Act. Those that are for
gay marriage, believe that these Acts are unconstitutional and prevent
individuals from having equal rights. By preventing access to equal rights,
states are discriminating against individuals based on their sexual orientation
or gender identity.

In Idaho, gay couples have no rights regarding their relationship. For example,
one partner may not make any decisions regarding the health care of the other
partner. In fact, they may not even have hospital visitation rights because
they are not related. In addition, same sex couples have no rights regarding
property or inheritance. Those that are for gay marriage, believe that laws
that forbid gay marriage, are unconstitutional because they prevent couples
from attaining rights that afforded to other couples.

In Idaho, gay marriage was banned by an overwhelming percentage of the
population. Those for gay marriage, encountered a large opposition. In fact,
individuals for gay marriage are not likely to see any change in the immediate
future. In Idaho, gay rights have been taken away because of the LGBT
communities  inability to have their relationship legally recognized in
any form.

Gay Marriage Laws in Illinois

Gay Marriage Laws in IllinoisIn Illinois,
gay rights are receiving some consideration by the courts. There are currently
no laws in Illinois that pertain to civil unions. In fact, civil unions are
neither legal or illegal. Several times, there were bills that were meant to
legalize civil unions but they were never put to a vote, so no one is sure how
the courts feel about gay marriage law in Illinois. 


In 2007, the Religious
Freedom and Marriage Fairness Act was introduced. However, it was never voted
on. If it had been approved, it would have legalized gay marriage. Laws up to
now, are not inclusive of gay marriage in Illinois. However, gay marriage law
does not forbid the legal recognition of same sex relationships either.

In Illinois, gay marriage has been included on several Bills. The Bill that was
meant to legalize civil unions, was reintroduced in 2009. However, it remained
stagnant. In fact, there was never a vote. Perhaps, Illinois is hesitant to
enact gay marriage laws because they fear public outrage. However, it appears
that the public generally supports legal recognition of same sex relationships.
Because of the courts consideration of civil unions in Illinois, gay rights are
slowly moving in the right direction.

Recently, a bill was introduced that would define marriage as a union between
two people, rather than a union between a man and a woman.The bill has no yet
moved. Although the Equal Marriage Act was introduced in 2009, it remains
unapproved. Illinois seems to be slow in passing gay marriage laws. However,
the courts are  likely to eventually allow gay marriage in Illinois.


Gay rights
are likely to advance and move toward equality. In Illinois, gay rights were
questioned when the defense of marriage Act passed in 1996. However, in Illinois,
gay rights seem to be held with higher importance than the actual legal
definition of marriage.

Gay Marriage Laws in Connecticut

Gay Marriage Laws in Connecticut

The nationwide gay marriage debate  was partially answered by a civil union law passed in 2005, in Connecticut. Gay marriage issues were highly publicized at that time and Connecticut became the second state in the nation to adopt and legally recognize civil unions and the legal rights granted to the couple. In fact, Connecticut would later allow LGBT couples the same rights and responsibilities of marriage by legally recognizing gay marriage. 
Connecticut was only the third state to legally recognize gay marriage. Debates continue as to the language used to describe unions and marriages. In fact, California, which had once recognized gay marriage, has since made it illegal and currently only allows for the legal recognition of domestic partnerships.  Regardless of the language used, LGBT couples in Connecticut are now entitled to the same benefits as married opposite sex couples.
After Connecticut legally accepted civil unions in 2005, the gay marriage debate continued in that state and nationwide. In 2006, a judge ruled that civil unions provided rights and protections similar to marriage and failed to legally recognize gay marriage in Connecticut. In essence, it was ruled that banning gay marriage, did not violate any individual rights as granted by the state of Connecticut. 
The court ruled that civil unions were the only legally necessary allowance for LGBT couples.  Civil unions were meant to be similar to marriage, without being exactly the same. Yet, the LGBT community disagreed and the debate continued in Connecticut. Gay couples wanted their unions to be officially recognized as marriages. LGBT couples wanted equal rights across the board, including the right to enter into a marriage. 
The debate continued and civil unions remained the only legally recognized partnerships for those in the LGBT community.  However, the courts later decided that gay marriage was legal in Connecticut. Gay marriage is currently only legal in only a few states.
The Connecticut State Supreme Court ruled that LGBT couples were entitled to equal protection and rights by the states constitution. In fact, Kerrigan V. Commissioner of Public Health was decided in 2008, and made gay marriage legal in Connecticut. Gay marriage is currently legal in Connecticut and couples enjoy all of the rights, benefits and responsibilities of marriage.
In fact, all civil unions in Connecticut will be recognized as marriages as of late 2010. The gay marriage debate has been answered, at least in Connecticut. Gay marriage debates continue in many states. However, every time a positive action is taken toward equal rights, opposition shrinks and the possibility of equality becomes closer at hand.