Possible Anthropological Causes for Domestic Abuse

Possible Anthropological Causes for Domestic Abuse

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Possible Anthropological Causes for Domestic Abuse

Along with the psychological and the social causes of domestic violence and abusebackground of domestic violenceabuse within intimate relationshipsHomo Sapien societies, it is generally only acceptable for a male to reproduce with one female. This male must then invest a great deal of time and many resources into raising and caring for the child. While the male is investing resources in this child, they are missing opportunities to increase their reproductive fitness. Therefore, it is essential that a male can ensure that the child that he is investing in is actually his child. Evolutionary theory suggests that domestic violence and abuse has evolved as a strategy for males to establish control over a female's sexual assets in order to ensure that he fathers the female's offspring. Domestic violence research indicates that domestic violence and abuse has been developed as a method of establishing and maintaining control and power over a spouse. If a male threatens a female with physical violence and causes a female to fear for her safety, then the female is less likely to commit infidelity. Therefore, domestic violence and spousal abuse may increase a male's reproductive success and guarantee a child's paternity. Domestic violence research indicates that a woman is most at risk for fatal physical abuse and homicide when they make the decision to escape an abusive relationship. At this point, the female is no longer beneficial to the reproductive success of the perpetrator, and has the potential to maximize the reproductive fitness of another male. Domestic violence research also suggests that infants are extremely susceptible to abuse and infanticide when the infant's mother has entered into a relationship with a male that is not the child's biological father. The mother's boyfriend or the child's step father may harm the child in order to increase his own reproductive fitness. If the infant survives, the child's mother, as well as the new male, will be required to invest valuable time and resources into the care of the child. Because this child is not the new male's child, the new male will be helping to increase the reproductive success of the child's father if the male continues to invest resources in the child. By committing infanticide, the female will now have the available resources in order to rear a child in her current relationship. Domestic violence research supplies interesting support for some of these evolutionary theories of domestic violence and abuse.

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