Marriage » Civil Unions Marriage- Marriage Counseling, Same Sex Marriage, Marriage License, Common Law, Vital Records Tue, 15 Nov 2016 16:06:17 +0000 en-US hourly 1 The Origins Of Civil Union Laws Fri, 03 Apr 2015 14:01:07 +0000

How's this for a history of civil union laws: a study from the 2007 Journal of Modern History reports that scientists have allegedly found documents and grave sites which provide historical evidence suggesting that various forms of same-sex civil unions date as far back as 600 years.

In a more recent history of civil union law, however, the very first mentions of introducing such a bill, that is, one which legally recognizes same-sex partnerships and accords them benefits similar to heterosexual marriages-occurred in the mid-1980s in California. 

Although the 1960s counterculture had brought more radical measures to the gay rights and Gay Liberation Movement, and incidents such as the Stonewall riots of 1969 had put gay rights and gay discrimination on the map in America like never before, it wasn't until the late 1970s and early 1980s that public opinion towards homosexual partnerships changed to such a degree that a legalized homosexual union was even an option. 

In 1985, a small yet monumental move was made when a West Hollywood, California, city council member successfully introduced a domestic partnership legislation for its city residents. After being approved, the first ever "domestic partnership registry" was officially created. It was not, however, recognized by the state of California.

Shortly after, another development for civil union laws came from across the ocean, in Denmark. The country became the first in the world to offer same-sex couples a civil union law of sorts by signing a bill, on October 7, 1989, in support of "registered partnerships." 

Although it was not officially given the name of a "civil union" law, essentially, it accorded almost identical legal and fiscal rights, benefits, and responsibilities to homosexual partnerships as it did to heterosexual civil marriages. And, for that very reason, the bill is considered the world's official first civil union law. 

In the United States, on the other hand, Vermont became the first to offer an official civil union law for same-sex couples. In the year 2000, a Vermont Supreme Court ruled, in Baker vs. Vermont, that the state cannot prohibit same-sex couples from having the same legal rights and privileges which married couples are entitled to. Being that a large number of people were still opposed to the idea of legalized gay marriage at that particular moment in history, the Vermont legislature instead signed a civil union law as a compromise between opponents and supporters of same-sex marriage.

To this day, 20 countries and nine U.S. states have created civil union laws which are legally state recognized. Unlike marriages, however, civil union laws are not transferable from state to state, or country to country, and the rights given to same-sex partnerships are only valid in the jurisdiction which has officially recognized them.

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Click Here If You’re Against Gay Marriage and Civil Unions Fri, 03 Apr 2015 14:01:06 +0000

While there was once a time when the arguments against gay marriage and same-sex civil unions were one in the same, since marriage was considered to be a civil union and vice verse, now that term "civil union" has been assigned to describe same-sex partnerships which receive similar martial benefits in a union that is everything but a marriage, those strongly against gay marriage have settled down in their beliefs that same-sex civil unions and other domestic partnerships should also be denied to our nation's homosexual community. 

In the minds of those against gay marriage, after all, the prospect of a civil union law for same-sex couples often suggests that a law authorizing gay marriage is not so far out of reach. And so while the arguments against gay marriage are definitely both more intense and prevalent across the country in comparison to those against same-sex civil unions, to understand where one debate comes from, we must understand the basis of the other.

Over the past decades, the main arguments against gay marriage have been consistent in that they, time and time again, claim the following:

That marriage is a heterosexual institution, that marriage is sacred religious institution, and that marriage is a traditional institution.

That marriage is for procreation, and hence, that homosexual partnerships would ultimately contribute to the human race dying out because of this lack of procreation.

That same-sex couples do not provide a proper environment in which to raise children.

All of these popular arguments against gay marriage and same-sex civil unions however, lack the necessary facts that would otherwise give the statements any real value. Instead, they cement themselves as close-minded expressions of bigotry which play purely on discriminating ideals; and they should hold no place in today's modern world. Those against gay marriage often forget that American law is not, in fact, predicated by religion (and more specifically, by the Bible), and that freedom of religion means freedom from religion, and all of it's attached ideologies, as well. 

Those against gay marriage and similar homosexual partnerships also forget that a person's sexual preference does not interfere with the amount of love and support which a parent is capable of providing to his or her children. There are many heterosexual relationships with parents who are addicts, who abuse and abandon, who commit crimes, and who, despite being attracted to the opposite sex, fail to fulfill the proper duties of parenting. 

And in many cases, gay partnerships are the ones to step up and adopt children left behind from failed heterosexual marriages, so the issue of procreation (especially when overpopulation affects our world more than anything), once again, holds no worthy place in the debate against same-sex marriages.

So although it is indeed true that several things threaten the so-called "institution" of marriage, for example, relationships which are based on money over love or on green cards over lifelong commitment, and the high divorce rate should be enough evidence of this, homosexuality, and the attached arguments against gay marriage, should not be one of them. Slavery, too, after all, was at one point considered an American "institution" of sorts, but the realization that it was inhumane and morally wrong on so many different accounts eventually did come, in time. One can only hope that the same realization strikes in the ongoing argument against gay marriage. 

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Click Here if You Support Civil Unions and Gay Marriage Fri, 03 Apr 2015 14:01:06 +0000

With only six states across the U.S. currently legally recognizing  gay marriages, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Vermont and countless others instating laws prohibiting gay marriages through constitutional amendments, the gay marriage debate proves to be an uphill battle for the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender community of America. 

While the arguments against gay marriages are considerably stronger than those for same-sex civil unions and domestic partnerships, since the title of a "marriage" is not accorded to homosexual couples, there are lawmakers and politicians, mainly in states where religion in a governing factor, which similarly view the state-recognition of any same-sex partnership as a negative thing. 

Those in support of the gay marriage debate, however, are strong in their belief that denying at least some form of a government-sanctioned domestic partnership to same-sex couples is pure discrimination, and that according to the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment, no state has the right to deny the protection of the laws to any person, gay or straight, and it's as simple as that. Or so is the ideal situation. 

Of course, things have proven to be quite far from simple when it comes to the gay marriage debate and the question of whether gay marriages can simply be replaced with civil unions. Even though a marriage is technically considered a civil union, civil unions are somehow not considered "real" marriages in today's society, and so, civil unions have become the less extreme comprise of the gay marriage debate between supporters and opponents of gay marriages. 

On one hand, they provide nearly- or exactly, depending on the state- equal protections, rights, and benefits as legal marriages between a man and a woman, and on the other hand, they appease those which claim that the sanctity of marriage is somehow destroyed by offering two men or two women the right to legally proclaim their devotion for each. 

And so, for the states which seem to have an overwhelming disapproval of the gay marriage debate on all fronts, civil unions prove to be a more feasible alternative to marriage, and one which, essentially, is better than no alternative at all.

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Best Information on Civil Unions Fri, 03 Apr 2015 14:01:06 +0000

Although there is no nationally standardized law for a civil union, since the exact implications and level of benefits of civil union laws differ from country to country and from state to state, in the broadest sense, civil unions are terms used to legally recognize a joining of two people that bears very similar qualities to marriage, but very simply, is not actually called a marriage.


There are several government-sanctioned relationships, in fact, which are much, or exactly, the same as civil unions. These include, but are not limited to, civil partnerships, registered partnerships, domestic partnerships, reciprocal beneficiary relationships, adult interdependent partnerships, civil solidarity pacts, and so on. So what is it, exactly, that separates a civil union from these other counterparts? In the simplest sense, it's all the in the name. 

In many cases, one state's civil union law may be exactly the same as another state's domestic partnership law. It's merely a matter of how each individual jurisdiction chooses to word this legal union. Generally, civil unions are assigned to describe a same-sex partnership in a state recognized marriage-like union. 

In certain cases, though, civil unions can refer to a heterosexual relationship as well, such as in the country of New Zealand. Again, although each individual state and country has their own set of legal rights, benefits, and responsibilities which are granted to these partnerships, civil unions typically suggest that a couple is entitled to rights similar to those awarded to opposite-sex married couples within a state. Often, though, these rights and benefits prove to be far less for homosexual couples. 


Currently, there are 20 countries and nine U.S. states that grant the benefits of civil unions to homosexual partnerships. Although many states which have passed civil union laws for same-sex couples hold the social status of a civil union equivalent to marriage, for the gay community, civil unions are not seen as a fair replacement. "Marriage in the United States is a civil union; but a civil union, as it has come to be called, is not marriage," said one gay rights activist and attorney "It is mechanism...[withholding] something precious from gay people." 

Opponents of legalized gay marriage, on the other hand, mainly religious conservatives, argue that same-sex marriage should indeed be distinguished by a different name, like a civil union, and that the sanctity of marriage, which states that such a union is strictly between one man and one woman, should be upheld. 

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Do Domestic Partnerships Have Rights and Benefits? Fri, 03 Apr 2015 14:01:06 +0000

The benefits granted to those in civil unions, in support of gay marriage rights, vary from state to state. Generally speaking, civil unions and domestic partnerships alike are intended to replace the legalization of a same-sex marriage by giving same-sex marriage-minded couples the ability to obtain similar state rights and benefits of a heterosexual marriage, just without the actual legal recognition of the civil union being a "marriage." Simply put, it's same-sex marriage without the all-important title, and also, in some cases, with fewer benefits. Regardless, it's still a major first step taken toward providing full gay marriage rights.

In the best case scenarios of states which have created a form of gay marriage rights by way of a civil union law, civil unions provide the same exact state benefits (again, no federal rights and benefits are provided) which are presented to those in a heterosexual marriage. Before same-sex marriage was legalized in the states of New Hampshire and Connecticut, for instance, civil unions in the states were accorded full gay-marriage rights, completely equal to those which opposite-sex partnerships were permitted to receive. 

Currently, Washington, New Jersey, and Nevada civil unions grant full state benefits. In such cases, couples have the ability to file state taxes together, the right to make medical decisions on behalf of a partner within the state's borders, hospital visitation rights, family leave benefits, the ability to inherit a partner's estate (even without a will), and the right to transfer motor vehicle titles, among hundreds of other benefits. 

Although it was not seen as an equal replacement for state-acknowledged same-sex marriage, at least it temporarily allowed gay couples equal state protections and benefits.

States which are far more hesitant about legalizing same-sex marriage for the time, but who have chosen to recognize at least minimal gay marriage rights, however, such as Colorado, Hawaii, and Maine offer only the most basic of benefits for those in a homosexual partnerships. 

By and large, these benefits include the ability to make funeral arrangements, the right to death benefits, and the right to medical decisions, which are certainly some of the most crucial of the gay-marriage rights. 

And while state civil union laws are intended to, in a way, be "everything but marriage," there have nonetheless been an exceptional amount of reports which suggest that employers still refuse to recognize same-sex civil unions, and deny gay partnerships the benefits they are entitled, by law, to receive through their workplace.

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Brief Descriptions of States’ Civil Unions and Gay Rights Fri, 03 Apr 2015 14:01:06 +0000

Same-sex marriages (under state marriage law) are currently only performed in the states of Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont. 

Civil unions and other state-acknowledged same-sex partnerships, on the other hand, the compromising alternative for a gay marriage law, it seems, which grants similar marital benefits for same-sex partnerships as heterosexual married couples receive, have been adapted into law in some form or another in the states of California, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, New Jersey, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin.

While New Jersey is the only state to offer actual civil unions through law (since other states' previous civil unions, like Connecticut and New Hampshire, have changed into gay marriage laws), Oregon, Washington, Nevada, and California offer a wide range of marital benefits through domestic partnerships. Maryland, Hawaii, Colorado, Maine, and Wisconsin provide the most limited form of marital benefits. Although these civil unions and domestic partnerships are seen as no substitute for a gay marriage law for the homosexual community, they do, however, state the following overall benefits:


California recognizes same-sex partnerships by offering legalized domestic partnerships, which offer some, but not all, of the same rights, benefits, and responsibilities as marriages under state marriage law.


Colorado recognizes same-sex partnerships through beneficiary agreements. These agreements grant limited marital rights.


Hawaii recognizes same-sex partnerships through a reciprocal beneficiary registry. These agreements grant limited marital rights.


Maine recognizes same-sex partnerships by offering legalized domestic partnerships. The law grants limited marital rights.


Maryland recognizes same-sex partnerships by offering legalized domestic partnerships. The law grants limited marital rights.

New Jersey

New Jersey recognizes same-sex partnerships by offering legalized civil unions which offer all of the same rights, benefits, and responsibilities as marriages under state marriage law.


Nevada recognizes same-sex partnerships by offering legalized domestic partnerships which offer all of the same rights, benefits, and responsibilities as marriages under state marriage law.


Oregon recognizes same-sex partnerships by offering legalized domestic partnerships, which offer some, but not all, of the same rights, benefits, and responsibilities as marriages under state marriage law.


Washington recognizes same-sex partnerships by offering legalized domestic partnerships which offer the same rights, benefits, and responsibilities as marriages under state marriage law.


Wisconsin recognizes same-sex partnerships by offering legalized domestic partnerships. The law grants limited marital rights.

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International Measures Supporting Gay Marriage Fri, 03 Apr 2015 14:01:06 +0000

On a global scale, the first move to create a state-recognized law supporting gay marriage took place in Denmark, on October 7, 1989. The country became the first in the world to grant same-sex couples the option of a legalized registered partnerships, and the decision ignited hope within the entire international gay community that legislation supporting gay marriage rights was indeed a very realistic possibility. 

Although not titled a "marriage," Denmark's historic civil union law of sorts accorded identical legal and fiscal rights, benefits, and responsibilities to homosexual partnerships as it did to opposite-sex civil marriages. Both national and international gay partnerships undoubtedly recognized this landmark move as the first big step taken toward international gay equality.

Roughly 20 other countries- France, Colombia, Spain, South Africa, Germany, Switzerland, the UK, Finland, Slovenia and Ecuador, among many others, have had some form of government sanctioned same-sex partnership law, civil union, domestic partnerships or other enacted in legal support of same-sex couples. 

Although the exact implications vary from country to country, most countries supply a wide range of state benefits and rights for its homosexual partnerships, such as state tax benefits and medical decision making. International countries fully supporting gay marriage by recognizing same-sex couples through the term of "marriage", through law are Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, and Canada.

For the rest of the world, however, supporting gay marriage and providing benefits for the international gay community, especially in more conservative and less developed nations, proves to be a challenge. In much of the Middle East and Africa, homosexuality is still heavily shunned upon and remains illegal.

In some parts of Asia, even a homosexual act can be considered illegal; some, in fact, bear penalties as harsh as life imprisonment, if caught. And so while the advancements made for the international gay community remain country specific, as homosexuality becomes more accepted, in time, there is indeed hope of worldwide gay marital rights.

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The Legal Rights of Civil Unions and Gay Marriages Fri, 03 Apr 2015 14:01:06 +0000

Much like every state has its own distinct driving, property, and family laws (among many others), each one is likewise permitted to have individual laws pertaining to gay marriage, same-sex civil unions, and other forms of government-sanctioned partnerships. 

Although the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act, or DOMA, prohibits same-sex partnerships from being legally recognized by the federal government- specifically, it states that 1.) No state, U.S. subdivision or jurisdiction needs to treat a same-sex relationships the same sex as a heterosexual marriage, even if it is considered equal to a marriage in another state, and that 2.) The federal government recognizes a legal marriage solely as a union between one woman and one man. Certain states, such as Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, and the District of Columbia, have indeed made the move to grant legal gay marriage rights for the homosexual community on a state level. 

In these cases, gay marriages are entitled to receive the 400 or so benefits which are granted to married couples within the borders of the state, however, are restricted from having access to the full 1,100 or so federal rights and protections which heterosexual married partnerships enjoy.

As for those states which have not yet recognized gay marriages, but rather, have opted for creating a civil union law in respect of its gay, marriage-minded couples and these include California, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, New Jersey, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin. 

The legal rights and benefits vary greatly from state to state. When Vermont became the first U.S. state to sign a civil union bill into law in 2000, for instance, couples were able to enjoy nearly every one of the privileges that non-gay marriages had, except for four (two of which pertained to adoption). 

Being that the state gave full martial rights to homosexual partnerships through a gay marriage law enacted in 2009, however, civil unions have since then become unnecessary for the Vermont gay community, and every civil union has officially been recognized as a legal gay marriage, with all of the attached legal benefits. States such as New Jersey and Nevada also provide civil unions with all the full rights and benefits of state marriages.

In other cases, however, civil union laws or domestic partnership laws offer only a small fraction of the benefits which the state government would otherwise provide for couples in a heterosexual marriage. This is clearly seen in Wisconsin, which provides only 43 rights and protections to it's same-sex couples, in contrast to over 200 which married couples in the state receive.

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